Interventional cardiology is a cardiac specialty that deals specifically with catheter based, less invasive diagnosis and treatment of various heart diseases.
PinnacleHealth serves as a regional referral center, offering patients and referring physicians immediate, 24/7 access to experienced interventional cardiologists and on-site cardiothoracic surgical capability.
The most common interventional cardiology procedure (catheterization) involves the insertion of a sheath into the groin or wrist artery and passing a catheter to the heart to open a blocked artery with balloon (angioplasty) or a stent (metal sleeve that is inserted to prop open the artery from within). Our interventionalists can also open artery blockages other than heart, including in the neck, kidney, and legs, without the need for surgery. This procedure can be done on an elective or emergency basis.
Cardiac catheterization is also a commonly used diagnostic procedure. This procedure involves threading a small catheter -- a long, thin, flexible, hollow tube -- through a vein or artery in the groin, from which blood flows into the heart. A technician injects dye into the catheter and takes moving x-ray pictures, or angiograms, of the dye as it travels to the heart.
Emergency Cardiac Catheterization
Emergency cardiac catha terization saves lives. When a patient is admitted with signs of a heart attack, the Emergency Department immediately activates the Code STEMI. This notifies the cardiac catheterization team, the on-call cardiologist and the Cardiac Care Unit to expect a patient and prepare to begin treatment. Patients are then taken to the Cardiac Catheterization Lab, where the team can perform an angioplasty, a procedure in which a balloon-tipped catheter is inserted through an artery in the groin and guided through the artery to the site of the blockage. Once in place, the balloon is inflated to remove the clot causing the heart attack and restoring normal blood flow. A stent may also be placed at this time if the physician feels that it is necessary in order to keep the artery from closing again.
Advanced Interventional Procedures
We offer the full spectrum of advanced interventional therapies: